IAS 16 – Property, Plant, and Equipment is a significant accounting standard that provides guidance on the accounting treatment for most types of property, plant, and equipment. Property, plant, and equipment are tangible assets that:


  1. Are Held for Use in Production or Supply of Goods or Services, for Rental to Others, or for Administrative Purposes: These assets are used to produce goods, provide services, rent out to others, or for administrative purposes, and are expected to be used for more than one period.


  1. Are Expected to Be Used During More Than One Period: Unlike inventory, these assets are not intended for sale in the ordinary course of business but are used over a long period.

Key aspects of IAS 16 include:

Initial Recognition: An item of property, plant, and equipment should be recognized as an asset if it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the item will flow to the entity, and the cost of the item can be measured reliably.

Measurement at Recognition: Assets are initially measured at cost, including its purchase price and any costs necessary to bring the asset to the location and condition necessary for it to be capable of operating in the manner intended by management.

Subsequent Measurement: After initial recognition, entities can choose either the ‘cost model’ or the ‘revaluation model’ for measuring these assets. The cost model involves carrying the asset at its cost less any accumulated depreciation and impairment losses. The revaluation model involves revaluing the assets at their fair value.

Depreciation: This standard requires that an asset’s depreciable amount be allocated on a systematic basis over its useful life. The depreciation method should reflect the pattern in which the asset’s future economic benefits are expected to be consumed by the entity.

Impairment: If there is an indication that an asset may be impaired, its recoverable amount should be estimated and compared to its carrying amount. An impairment loss is recognized if the carrying amount exceeds the recoverable amount.

Disposal: When an asset is derecognized upon disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected from its use, any gain or loss arising from the derecognition should be included in the profit or loss.

IAS 16 is crucial for accounting and finance professionals as it affects the way a company reports its fixed assets and influences key financial metrics like profit, asset turnover, and return on assets. Understanding and correctly applying IAS 16 ensures accurate and reliable financial reporting, which is essential for decision-making, investment analysis, and meeting regulatory requirements.

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