IFRS 8 – Operating Segments: An Engaging Overview for Accounting and Finance Professionals

  1. Introduction to IFRS 8:

What is IFRS 8? The International Financial Reporting Standard 8, or IFRS 8, is a globally recognized accounting standard that guides the disclosure of information about an entity’s operating segments. It aims to provide a clearer understanding of an entity’s performance, better assess its prospects for future net cash inflows, and make more informed judgments about the entity as a whole.

  1. Key Principles of IFRS 8:

Segment Reporting Based on Internal Reporting: IFRS 8 requires an entity to report financial and descriptive information about its reportable segments. These segments are identified based on the ‘management approach’, meaning segments are as reported internally for decision-making purposes by the entity’s chief operating decision-maker (CODM).

Identification of Operating Segments: An operating segment is a component of an entity that engages in business activities from which it may earn revenues and incur expenses, including revenues and expenses relating to transactions with other components of the same entity.

  1. Reporting Requirements:

Quantitative Thresholds: To determine whether an operating segment is reportable, IFRS 8 sets certain quantitative thresholds. A segment is reportable if:

Its revenue, including both sales to external customers and intersegment sales, is 10% or more of the combined revenue, internal and external, of all segments.

The absolute amount of its reported profit or loss is 10% or more of the greater, in absolute amount, of either the combined reported profit of all profitable segments or the combined reported loss of all segments that reported a loss.

Its assets are 10% or more of the combined assets of all segments.

Disclosure Requirements: Entities must disclose certain information about their reportable segments, including factors used to identify the segments and types of products and services from which each segment derives its revenues.

  1. Impact on Financial Analysis and Decision Making:

Enhanced Transparency: IFRS 8 enhances the transparency of an entity’s internal market and its operations, aiding stakeholders in understanding the performance of different parts of the business.

Decision-making Utility: For financial analysts and investors, segment information can be crucial for assessing risks and returns, understanding geographical influences, and evaluating segment performance over time.

  1. Challenges and Considerations:

Consistency in Reporting: Entities must ensure consistency in reporting segments over time unless a significant change in the organization’s structure justifies a change in reported segments.

Judgment in Segment Identification: The standard requires significant judgment in determining operating segments, particularly in complex organizations with multiple lines of business.


IFRS 8 Operating Segments plays a crucial role in financial reporting, offering key insights into an entity’s diverse operations. It aids in making more informed economic decisions by providing detailed segmental information in line with the internal management perspective. As accounting and finance professionals, understanding and applying the principles of IFRS 8 is essential for transparent and effective financial reporting.

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